Year 2016 marks the 100th Birth Anniversary of Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya.
He is credited with the doctrine of “Integral Humanism”.
As per Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya principles of Capitalism or Socialism cannot be made the principles of progress & development in India. According to him, India needs to develop an indigenous economic model that puts human at the centre stage.
Integral Humanism is a fine balance between Western Capitalism & Marxist Socialism. It avoids excesses or extremes of any of them.
“Integral Humanism” was adopted by BJS (Bhartiya Jan Sangh) as its official doctrine. Later it got passed to BJP as well.
Subramanian Swamy wrote in his book Hindus Under Siege, about “Integral Humanism Theory”. As per it, Integral Humanism recognized that in a democratic market economy an individual has technical freedom of choice but the system without safeguards fails to accommodate the varying capabilities and endowments of a human being. Since the concept of survival of the fittest prevails in such a system, therefore some individuals achieve great personal advancement while others get trampled on or disabled in the ensuing rat race. We need to build a safety net into our policy for the underprivileged or disabled while simultaneously rewarding the meritorious or gifted. Otherwise, the politically empowered poor in a democracy who are in a majority will clash with the economically empowered rich who are the minority, thereby causing instability and upheaval in a market system.”
》Projecting the Question Paper.
One can expect questions on Integral Humanism of Pt. DD Upadhyaya in Mains like:
How “Integral Humanism” different from Nehruvian economic policies?
There are striking similarities between the theory of Integral Humanism & Gandhism. Comment.
P.S. 1. For preparing for Mains focus on interdisciplinary approach i.e. make as many comparisons as possible & consider views of different thinkers on it. It will help you in tackling any question in mains. (Note: facts are hardly required in Mains. More often questions are on ideologies, changes & impact.)
P.S. 2. Even in Polity, Schemes & Economy based questions in Mains are of ideological in nature.
P.S. 3. You can do well in Mains only when you can predict the paper to an average amount. Reckless consumption of information won’t help. You have to be selective in studies & strictly in tune with syllabus.
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav