“Food Fortification (or enrichment) is the addition of micronutrients to the food.”
Addition of vitamins & minerals helps in combating against the deficiency diseases.
It can also play a crucial role in eradication of malnutrition.
## Few Instances.
In India, Iodine was added to common salt in order to combat goitre.
In USA in early 1900s, vitamin B3 was added to ground corn (staple food) in order to fight Pellagra (which is caused due to deficiency of vitamin B3).
After the World War- I, Britain added vitamin A & D to Margarine as there was acute shortage of Butter.
However, excess of micronutrients due to use of fortified products have led to disorders in the body. Hence, food fortification must be regulated.
P.S. FSSAI (Food Safety & Standards Authority of India), is the body to regulate the fortified food products in India.
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav