□ “Missing Women” was the term first used by Nobel Laureate, Amartya Sen.
□ It represents the shortfall of number of women against number of males. It is usually measured through male-female sex ratio.
□ As per Amartya Sen’s estimates more than 100 million women are missing.
□ The shortfall of Missing Women is prevalent in Asia, Middle East, North Africa, etc.
The blue-regions in the map show places where population of women is less than that of makes.
Impact of “Missing Women”:
□ Marriage Market
If the number of females go very down as compared to number of males as in States of Punjab & Haryana then it leads to missing bride. That is less number of females present for marriage than males. Hence, trafficking of women starts.
The way to curtail:
– Better implementation of laws against sex-selective abortion, female infanticide & dowry.
– Cash incentives at birth registration
– Making society more equitable by providing equal opportunities to women
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav