Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups.
~ Earlier called as Primitive Tribal Groups, was created as a sub-category within the Scheduled Tribes (STs) based on the Debhar Commission report.
□ What was the need of a sub-category?
It was found that even within the STs there was vast inequality. There were communities which were very low in development indices. So, a further classification under STs was needed to promote development among these communities.
□ Criteria for PVTGs:
A community will be called PVTGs if it fulfils one of the below criteria:
~ Dependent on hunting & gathering (pre-agricultural system of existence)
~ Extremely low literacy
~ Population growth = zero or -ve.
Identification of PVTGs:
~ The State govt./UTs send proposal to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs & then the Ministry looks into it & once approved, the community is included in PVTGs.
□ Features of PVTGs:
~ physically isolated,
~ absence of written language,
~ low population
~ absence of technology, etc.
At present there are 75 tribes listed in PVTGs.
~ PVTGs are dependent directly on forest & the area under forest is decreasing,
~ environmental changes,
~ Changes in Forest Acts & laws
In 2008, the GoI launched a development scheme for PVTGs in which the states are provided with 100% funds from Central Govt.
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav