“The End of Ideology” debate.
Accordingly to some political scientists, ideology & totalitarianism are correlated. A totalitarian society is a closed society & is not open to new ideas & hence is biased about ideas which in turn leads to the development of ideologies.
In 1950s & 1960s, it was believed that the age of ideology has come to an end.
“End of ideology” implied that at an advanced stage of development, the political ideology of the State does not matters i.e. the capitalist & communist countries were bound to produce similar results at advanced level of development.
× The societies are no longer are purely capitalist or socialist (they can be termed as post-capitalist or post-industrial societies)
× In an advanced stage of development, service sector expands as compared to the manufacturing sector i.e. more workers in service sector than in manufacturing. There is also rise of technical elites.
× It was also observed that the difference between the left & the right Ideology has become thin.
× It was believed that the fundamental problems of industrial revolution has been solved & there has been acceptance for Welfare State, Mixed Economy, Decentralized power, etc.
Since, there seems to be consensus, therefore it can be said to be the “End of ideology”.
America & Russia both developed through different political ideology, the former through capitalism & the latter through communism. But both had developed similar characteristics like greater:
The above observation was made by J. K. Galbraith. He said that all industrialised societies are destined to similar fate & results. He further observed that new ruling class has emerged which was neither proletariat nor bourgeoisie. The new class comprised of bureaucrats & technocrats.
× “End of Ideology” was to influence the new nations of Asia, Africa & Latin America. It heralded the message that new nations should focus on development & not on the ideology of the state (to ensure that new nations stay away from communism)
× “End of Ideology” ignored the problems of capitalistic model of development like concentration of wealth.
× It wanted to maintain the status quo & supremacy of the West on the rest of the world.
× The collapse of socialism cannot be used as a means to justify the capitalistic model of development.
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav