Socrates’ civil disobedience.
Socrates was charged of “religious impiety” & “corrupting young people” & was later brought to trial & was put to death.
The main idea behind such a move was to avert Socrates from his teachings. But Socrates didn’t dettered from teaching & chose to die than to discontinue teaching.
According to Socrates, discontinuation of teaching would correspond to violating his conscience. He, however, had affirmed the right of the State to make laws & penalise him for following his conscience.
That is, he regarded individual conscience above any law.
i.e. Individual Conscience >> Any Law
Plus, he affirmed the necessity of civil law & order. The necessity of law is affirmed by him by choosing to bear the consequences of violating the law (his death).
This is the idea of civil disobedience whereby one chooses to deliberately break the laws in pursuance of one’s conscience which is above any law & bear the consequences of breaking the law.
Though in Socrates time, there was no idea of civil disobedience but his deeds & understanding represents in reality the idea of civil disobedience.
With Great Love,
Er. Amit Yadav